Those climatic changes may be particularly ferocious in arid regions, such as Israel. By 2100, Israel's average temperature is forecast to increase by 1.6 to 1.8 degrees C (2.88 to 3.24 F), while rainfall is expected to decrease by four to eight percent, according to a study by ecologists at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. Coastal erosion may become worse, threatening low-lying regions and archeological sites.
"In the case of Israel and Palestine, where adherents on each side believe they are entitled to sacred land, they (national leaders) might find it effective to raise the prospect that these disputed sacred lands will be submerged under water if they don't set aside their differences and work to curtail the warming global climate," Matt Motyl, one of Pyszczynski co-authors and doctoral candidate at the University of Virgina, told DNews.
"A growing body of evidence suggests that some climatic events have influenced violent conflict," Solomon M. Hsiang, postdoctoral research fellow at Princeton University, told DNews. "However, people don't necessarily realize they are fighting over a climate issue... Underlying risk factors can be exacerbated by the climate."