China announced the end of its hugely controversial one-child policy on Thursday, with the official Xinhua news agency saying that all couples would be allowed two children.
It cited a communique issued by the ruling Communist Party after a four-day meeting in Beijing to chart the course of the world's second largest economy over the next five years.
Only Child Syndrome a Myth
The move, which had been expected, comes after a previous effort to relax the policy fell well short of the goal of boosting births by 2 million a year.
China instated the one-child policy in the late 1970s to stem population growth.