Leif Erikson (about 970 – 1020) was the son of Erik the Red, the first European to land and settle on Greenland after he was exiled from Iceland. Leif launched an even more ambitious expedition, which was recorded in several different sagas.
According to the Groenlendinga saga, Leif heard of a land to the west of Greenland from an Icelandic trader and went to find it.
Sailing westward from Greenland with a crew of 35, he probably landed first on the southern part of Baffin Island, then sailed to the coast of Labrador on the Canadian mainland.
From a land they called Markland ("Woodland"), which is possibly Belle Isle, an island between Labrador and Newfoundland, the Vikings arrived at a place they called Vinland, or "land of the vine."
Boasting wheat fields and grape vines, the place was probably a spot on Newfoundland's northeastern tip.
There, Erikson and his crew built a small settlement they called Leifrsbudir, or "Leif's booths." Evidence of such a settlement was found in the 1960s at L'Anse aux Meadows in northern Newfoundland.