Bumblebees Decimated by Climate Change: Study
About a third of bumblebee species are dying off, some up to 90 percent of the population. Continue reading →
All bees - all pollinators, actually - are under stress these days, but bumblebees are especially affected by climate change, according to a new study.
Other species are mitigating the effects of warming by expanding their territories northward, but not bumblebees, found the study, published in Science. In fact, bumblebees appear to be contracting their territories.
"One of the important things to me was how many species are being impacted by climate change. That was a bit of a surprise," said York University Prof. Laurence Packer, an expert on bees and a co-author on the study with lead author Jeremy Kerr of the University of Ottawa, in a press release.
"I'd suspected some may be declining, but not such a large proportion. The fact that at the northern edges of their ranges they are not moving north as the climate changes is actually really quite worrying," he said.
Bumblebee species are dying out quickly, some as fast as a few decades, said the study.
"For the North American species that I work on, we know that about a third of them are in decline and in some cases this has been quite dramatically, more than 90 percent," says co-author York University Environmental Studies Prof. Sheila Colla in the release.
Colla added that even species that were widespread just 50 years ago are barely seen now, even within their normal range.
Climate change isn't the only factor killing off bees, experts say.
Tiffany Finck-Haynes, the pollinator expert for Friends of the Earth U.S., had this to say about the new finding: "The bee problem is complex; bees are having trouble for many reasons and the long equation of factors contributing to bee decline include: climate change, pests, disease, loss of habitat and pesticides. Pesticides are a key part of the problem and something in the equation we can fix right now. Reducing the use of pesticides will help bees."
The fact that there is a perfect storm of factors behind bee declines is a risk to the world's food supply and the U.S. government is starting to take action. In May, the Obama administration released a plan to make federal lands more friendly to bees, monarch butterflies and other pollinators.
If you're looking to help the bees in your hood, consider adding some native flowering plants to your garden. "Think of the flowers your grandmother used in her garden as a practical guide, especially when using nonnative plants," advises a USDA report. "The pollinators will thank you." Looking for some ideas? Check out these flowering plants that can help give bees a boost.
Crocus are a good choice to attract bees in the early spring. They're also pollinated by butterflies.
Asters are perennials that provide nectar and pollen, and do well when planted in late summer and fall.
Geraniums are another pollinator-friendly perennial.
The Calendula is an annual that's sometimes called a pot marigold.
Cleome are annuals that are native to the western United States, and they provide pollen in summer to bees.
Bees loves sunflowers and sometimes even stop on them to catch a few zzzzs.
Cut flowers, including zinnia (above), celosia, ageratum and wildflowers like goldenrod are bumble bee magnets. So are herbs including lavendar, anise hyssop, motherwort, basil and sage. Want to see more flowers -- and herbs to help bees? Check out this
from American Bee Journal.