Proponents of unleashing advanced artificial intelligence onto financial markets argue that it represents a new level of sophistication and flexibility, along with unprecedented firepower.
State-of-the-art AI allows powerful computers to actively learn from the past and adjust their trading strategies instead of following rote, relatively simple trading algorithms.
Some investors are already turning AI loose on real-world markets.
Aidyia Limited, an asset manager based in Hong Kong, has rolled out an advanced artificial intelligence-based hedge fund that can read news in multiple languages, analyze reams of economic data, identify obscure patterns, make predictions about market trends, and then invest accordingly.
The system's designers claim it can operate with complete autonomy from human input.
"If we all die," Aidyia's chief scientist, Dr. Ben Goertzel, quipped to Wired magazine in 2016, "it would keep trading."
Other companies bringing artificial intelligence to bear on financial markets include Sentient Technologies in San Francisco, and Rebellion Research in New York.