"Edgar spoke poetically about seeing our home planet from the Moon saying, 'Suddenly, from behind the rim of the Moon, in long, slow-motion moments of immense majesty, there emerges a sparkling blue and white jewel, a light, delicate sky-blue sphere laced with slowly swirling veils of white, rising gradually like a small pearl in a thick sea of black mystery.
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"'It takes more than a moment to fully realize this is Earth... home.'"
Bolden added: "He is one of the pioneers in space exploration on whose shoulders we now stand."
Buzz Aldrin, the second person on the Moon, echoed that on Twitter, calling Mitchell a "lunar pioneer."
The Apollo 14 mission -- Mitchell's only spaceflight -- began when the trio blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on January 31, 1971.
Mitchell was in charge of piloting the Antares lunar module, which landed in the Fra Mauro region of the Moon.
It was the third manned mission to the Moon and Mitchell became the sixth human to walk on the lunar surface.