Illustration of ‘El Graeco,’ foreground, living in a savannah environment in the Eastern Mediterranean 7.2 million years ago. Velizar Simeonovski
History

Pre-Human Fossils Suggest Mankind Emerged From Europe Rather Than Africa

Humanity first arose in the Eastern Mediterranean around 7.2 million years ago, suggests new analysis of fossils for a hominin species nicknamed “El Graeco.”

Published On 05/22/2017
1:14 PM EDT
The lower jaw of the 7.2-million-year-old Graecopithecus freybergi (El Graeco) from Pyrgos Vassilissis, Greece. | Wolfgang Gerber, University of Tübingen
A 7.2-million-year-old upper premolar of Graecopithecus from Azmaka, Bulgaria. | Wolfgang Gerber, University of Tübingen
Electron microscope image of a dust particle rounded by wind transport. It originated in the Sahara Desert and was found in 7.2-million-year-old sediments in Greece. | Ulf Linnemann, Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Paleoenvironment, University of Tübingen
Skull fragment of Ouranopithecus macedoniensis from Xirochori, Greece. | Wikimedia Commons