Paleoanthropologist Antonio Rosas sits beside the skeleton of a Neanderthal child. | Andrés Diaz-CSIC Communication
Archaeology

Neanderthal Boy Found in Spanish Cave Was Human-Like, but With a Larger Brain

Neanderthals were brainier than modern humans, and new research helps to explain how these early hominids evolved so much brain power.

Published On 09/21/2017
8:31 PM EDT
E E l Sidrón Cave in northwestern Spain preserved the remains of at least 12 Neanderthals for about 49,000 years until their discovery in 2010. Genetic evidence suggests the group — 3 adult males, 3 adult females, 3 adolescent boys, 2 juveniles, and an infant — were all related. What they were doing in the cave before their demise has intrigued archaeologists and historians since the incredible discovery.
Skeleton of a Neanderthal boy recovered from El Sidrón Cave in Asturias, Spain | Paleoanthropology Group MNCN-CSIC
Researchers working inside El Sidrón Cave in Asturias, Spain | Paleoanthropology Group MNCN-CSIC