Beneath Jupiter's colorful bands, giant spots and swirling clouds lay giant waves of ammonia that rise and fall from deep within the planet's turbulent atmosphere, a new study shows.
The unprecedented global peek beneath Jupiter's clouds comes from the recently upgraded Very Large Array, a network of 27 radio telescopes in New Mexico.
NEWS: Hubble's Stunning Jupiter Maps Reveal Weird Structures
Previous attempts to study Jupiter's atmosphere have been hampered by the planet's rapid spin. Since a day on Jupiter lasts just 10 hours, conventional radio images, which take hours to produce, tend to smear.
The VLA upgrade, combined with a new data-processing technique, removed the smearing, allowing astronomers to make global measurements of the temperatures, pressures and motions of gases up to about 100 kilometers, or 62 miles, beneath Jupiter's clouds.
WATCH VIDEO: Why Does Jupiter Have a Red Spot?