Last year, Russia passed anti-gay legislation that banned the production and dissemination of what was dubbed "gay propaganda" -- in other words, images that depict homosexual relationships positively.
International outrage at the law has not stopped international athletic associations from showing up at Sochi for the Games. World leaders themselves, however, aren't planning on attending the games, with heads of state from the United States, Germany, Canada, France and other countries declining to attend.
Furthermore, there is the possibility of discrimination against homosexual athletes and visitors observing the Games. President Vladimir Putin has insisted that gay and lesbian attendees could feel comfortable in Sochi, as long as they "leave the children alone," not exactly a reassuring message. Recent reports have suggested an uptick in violence against homosexuals in Russia, as shown in a recent video feature from Human Rights Watch.
This photo depicts one of many protests that have occurred in light of Russia's discrimination towards gays and lesbians.