2. Complex Societies
Elephant societies are complex, the behaviors entrenched generation after generation, the roles of individuals guided by gender.
Interestingly, societies form around females, while the males tend to be solitary wanderers, roaming from group to group in search of different mates. In that way, the males really maximize on the longevity of their bloodline, as they could potentially mate with dozens of females in a given year.
The females, meanwhile, run the show in family groups. The oldest and most dominant female is the family unit matriarch. The rest of the unit is filled out by the matriarch's daughters and their new offspring, as well as several juvenile elephants. Males will typically leave this unit to begin their wandering ways by the time they reach 15 years of age.
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