Totally Parched: 100 Percent of California in Drought
NASA Earth Observatory images by Robert Simmon, using Landsat 8 data from the USGS Earth Explorer
The southern, estern and western Slopes of Mt. Shasta were almost bare in January.
Smoke from the Waldo Canyon Fire during sunse
June 27, 2012 --
A wildfire in Colorado Springs has forced the evacuation of 32,000 people from their homes. The cause of the Waldo Canyon Fire, which broke out on Saturday June 23 is still under investigation. As of today the fire has doubled in size to 15,517 acres as 764 personnel fight the flames under rapidly spreading, extreme fire conditions. Shifting winds of 65 mph on Tuesday hampered firefighting efforts and full containment is not expected until July 16. Across the country, 657,614 acres are currently burning under the graze of 37 active large fires, including those set intentionally by forest services to manage undergrowth. So far this year, more than 1.5 million acres have been scorched by the more than 26,000 fires nation-wide. But to put that number in perspective, last year at this time more than 35,000 fires had burned more than 4.6 million across the country, according to the National Fire Information Center. Fire conditions are expected to continue into the summer this season and homeowners in fire-prone areas should have emergency evacuation plans in place. Yesterday, 11 new large fires were reported and several communities in Utah and Montana also had to evacuate. The states currently reporting large fires are: Alaska (3), Alabama (2), Arkansas (1), Arizona (1), California (1), Colorado (7), Montana (7), Nevada (2), New Mexico (3), North Carolina (1), South Dakota (1), Tennessee (1), Utah (3), and Wyoming (4).
Gene Blevins, Corbis
An air tanker on June 16 makes a drop on a 500-plus acre brush fire in Los Padres National Forest, Calif. On June 7, the U.S. Forest Service added four more planes to its firefighting fleet bringing the total number up to 13. Earlier in June, one P-2V crashed while firefighting over mountainous Utah-Nevada border, while another made an emergency landing with one landing gear still retracted. You can watch the video of the amazing job the pilots did during the emergency landing here:
DNews Nugget: More Air Tankers to Fight Fires
Gene Blevins, Corbis
Angeles National Forest firefighters make their way into the 500-plus acre brush fire in Los Padres National Forest, Calif., on June 16.
ANALYSIS: How to Fight a Wildfire
Gene Blevins, Corbis
A forest trees explodes into a huge fireball brush fire in Los Padres National Forest, Calif.
The High Park Fire, about 15 miles (24 kilometers) west of Fort Collins, Colorado, was discovered just before 6:00 a.m. on June 9, 2012. Started by a lightning strike, the fire quickly grew, fueled by high winds and dry vegetation.
Marc Piscotty, Getty Images
A Sikorsky S-64 Aircrane firefighting helicopter drops water on a hotspot burning close to homes near Horsetooth Reservoir on June 11, 2012, near Laporte, Colo. The High Park Fire in Larimer County continues to burn, having scorched 87,284 acres. Containment as of June 27, was at 65 percent with expectations for reaching full containment by July 30.
NEWS: Firefighters Start to Contain Colorado Inferno
Jesse Allen using data obtained from the Land
Nearly half of the U.S. Forest Services' airborne fire suppression fleet are fighting flames now burning in Colorado. “Current conditions are comparable to 2002 fire season, which was the worst in Colorado history. Fires haven’t burned as many acres at this point, but the drought conditions and fuel conditions are right up there with the 2002 season, if not worse,” reported Tim Mathewson, a fire meteorologist with the Rocky Mountain Area Coordination Center.
ANALYSIS: Worst 21st-Century Fires: Models Say Expect More
Kari Greer, US Forest Services, Corbis
New Mexico has seen the largest wildfire in state history this season with the Whitewater-Baldy Complex fire in Gila National Forest burning 297,845 acres since May 16, 2012 after a lightning strike ignited the flames. As of June 27, the fire was 87 percent contained, with only 10 personnel continuing to work the containment lines and put the fire to bed.
PHOTOS: After the Dust Settles
California is parched, with 100 percent of the Golden State entrenched in drought conditions for the first time in 15 years, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM).
"With the expansion of D1 [moderate drought] across southeast California and southwest Arizona, this week marks the first time in the 15-year history of the USDM that 100 percent of California was in moderate to exceptional drought," according to a statement by the Monitor, which is a joint effort by the National Drought Mitigation Center, NOAA, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. drought observers.
Since March 25, the state has been under "abnormally dry" conditions, and just this week the Drought Monitor listed the entire state as experiencing a moderate drought. [Photos: The 10 Driest Places on Earth]
Various parts of the state are feeling the California drought more than others. For instance, the city of Montague may run out of drinking water by the end of the summer, according to the Monitor; the city has asked residents to curtail outside watering at this time.
"This is the first time in over 80 years of water deliveries from the Montague Water Conservation District that this situation has occurred," a statement from the Monitor reads.
Many growers in Shasta Valley and Big Springs — both part of Siskiyou County, in the northernmost part of California in the Shasta region — are struggling to water their fields.
The Monitor quotes an observer in Siskiyou County to illustrate the frustration felt by farmers: "Our snow pack is pathetic, rainfall is way below normal, (low) stream flows are running at 2-3 months ahead of normal depending on the area, well levels have dropped severely and many wells are dry in spring or have levels typical of late fall, surface water irrigation supplies are non-existent to extremely limited in many areas, and the situation is only getting worse daily (especially after 3 consecutive years of drought)."
In fact, California's snowpack, or the snow that accumulates on mountaintops during the winter, is at less than one-third of its historical average, according to measurements from NASA's Airborne Snow Observatory reported this month.
Winter is usually California's wettest time of the year, but a high-pressure ridge offshore created a jet-stream pattern that sent Pacific storms heading for California north into the Pacific Northwest and Canada instead. The high-pressure system first appeared in December 2012 and lasted so long that meteorologists gave it a nickname: the Ridiculously Resilient Ridge.
Last year (2013) was California's driest on record, according to the National Weather Service.