A photo of an oncilla documents the first-known occurrence of this extremely rare, spotted cat

in Madidi National Park, Bolivia.

The cat, which is about the same size as a domesticated house kitty, also is now about to become a media star, as the photo this week won a BBC Wildlife camera-trap photo competition.

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Oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus)

occur across the Amazon and along the tropical Andes, according to a Wildlife Conservation Society press release. It's the smallest cat species of South America's

lowlands, and much about it remains a mystery.

WCS researchers Guido Ayala, Maria Viscarra, and

Robert Wallace came across the image during camera trap

surveys of jaguars and other wildlife living in Madidi, which is considered to

be among the most biodiverse protected areas on

the planet.

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The photo now serves as a new record for oncilla in Madidi. It pushes the

number of confirmed cat species in the park to six, with at least two

more waiting to be confirmed.

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Madidi National Park is a truly remarkable and beautiful place. It contains 11 percent

of the world's birds, more than 200 species of mammals,

almost 300 types of fish, and 12,000 plant varieties. 

In addition to its impressive biodiversity, the 7,335 square mile park is known for its array of

altitudinal gradients and habitats from lowland tropical forests of the

Amazon to snow-capped peaks of the High Andes.

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The overall region faces a number of threats, such as road construction, logging and agricultural expansion, but the Greater Madidi-Tambopata Landscape Conservation

Program is working hard to mitigate those.