Chimpanzee's and Bonobos have extremely similar DNA to each other, and to humans, but they behave very differently.

While chimps are more aggressive and violent, the Bonobo settle fights by having sex instead. They share their food more readily and have a matriarchal society.

How could this help humans? We can use the gene sequence to make us unique among apes. “The real benefit of the bonobo genome is being able to narrow down the list." It can  help us learn more about the genetic basis for traits that humans share with these close relatives," says Dr. David E. Symer, of Ohio State University.