BMW's Vision Next 100 produces zero emissions and is capable of autonomous driving.
Gyroscopically Stabalized Two-Wheel Car (ca. 1960) by Syd Mead. Photo by Mike Jensen.
Do designers dream of electric cars? Sure they do, and nuclear sedans and space-age minivans, too. And they've been doing it for a long, long time. The forthcoming exhibition "Dream Cars: Innovative Design, Visionary Ideas" will bring 17 historical concept cars to the High Museum of Art in Atlanta, along with conceptual artwork like this illustration by renown futurist designer Syd Mead ("Blade Runner," "Aliens" and "Tron").
The 1936 Stout Scarab, designed by William B. Stout, is considered by historians to be the genesis of the minivan. “The concept cars presented in Dream Cars demonstrate how design can transcend the present and offer new paths and opportunities for the future,” said Sarah Schleuning, exhibition curator.
Michel Zumbrunn and Urs Schmid
was an electric bubble car designed by Paul Arzens for his personal use in Paris during German occupation. The vehicle has never before traveled to the United States for exhibition.
The 1954 Firebird was part of General Motors' series of Motorama auto shows, cutting-edge design events that combined art, science and runway glamor. The Motorama expos ran from 1949 to 1961.
The 1970 Ferrari 512 S Modulo, designed by Paolo Martin, visits Atlanta by way of Turin, Italy. The Modulo features a canopy-style roof that slides back to allow entry into the cabin.
Designer Marcello Gandini's Lancia (Bertone) Stratos HF Zero is only 33 inches high. Most concept cars are never mass-produced, but are designed to push the boundaries of what's technically and stylistically possible.
The 2001 BMW GINA Light Visionary Model features an exterior made entirely of fabric. The body of the car can change shape on demand or according to speed, thanks to a moveable aluminum wire structure.
It was 100 years ago today that the company currently known as the Bayerische Motoren Werke was first registered, though it would be more than a decade until it started churning out cars.
Nevertheless, BMW is keen to celebrate and is doing so with a gala event this week in Munich, Germany that saw the reveal of the Vision Next 100 concept.
The Vision Next 100 is the first in a series of forward-looking concepts, one for each division within the BMW Group (BMW, BMW Motorrad, Mini and Rolls-Royce), and much like the F015 concept unveiled a year ago by Mercedes-Benz, the Vision Next 100 produces zero emissions and is capable of autonomous driving.
Specific details on the concept are yet to be revealed but there are four main capabilities BMW wants to stress. Autonomous capability, digitalization, new materials and construction methods, and emotion.
BMW says that cars capable of driving themselves without any human intervention will be here sooner than you think. But a BMW will always allow a human to take over, the company promises.
Digitalization of the Vision 100 will also be major area of focus in the coming years. BMW says to expect further convergence of the auto and tech industries, with new ways of interacting with the car, such as artificial intelligence predicting the driver's wishes and working away in the background to perform jobs delegated to it. The interaction process should be as intuitive as possible.
New materials will also play a significant role in the further evolution of the car, according to BMW. This has already started with the increasing use of carbon fiber and other composites instead of conventional steel.
Looking further forward, technologies such as rapid manufacturing and 4-D printing (3D-printed materials that change depending on conditions) will open up new possibilities.
One of the more interesting aspects of the concept is a technology called Alive Geometry which consists of 4D-printed components that can change their shape and interact with the driver.
For example, exterior panels could change shape to aid aerodynamics and as the vehicle is steered, the bodywork would behave like a flexible skin to keep the wheels covered. This helps the Vision Next 100 concept achieve an extremely low drag coefficient of 0.18.
Finally, BMW says its vehicles of the future will still provide the feel fans of the brand enjoy today. This includes sporty handling, a sense of power when you hit the accelerator and the anticipation of a great drive ahead.
During the coming year, the Vision Next 100 concept will visit some major cities. The first top will be Beijing on May 5. The concept will then head to London on June 16 where similar forward-looking concepts for Mini and Rolls-Royce will be unveiled. The last stop will be Los Angeles on October 11 where we’ll see a BMW Motorrad concept unveiled.
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